Permissions to use scales: These scales are copyrighted by Ed Diener and his co-authors. The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) is in public domain, and may be used if proper citation is given. Although copyrighted, the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) and Flourishing Scale (FS) may be used as long as proper credit is given. Permission is not needed to employ the scales and requests to use the scales will not be answered on an individual basis because permission is granted here.